Road Accident Laws
When you go to driving school, you learn what to do and what not to do. By now, motorists know the most basic laws for driving. Republic Act No. 4136, more commonly known as the Land Transportation and Traffic Code, contains all the traffic laws and provisions that are endemic to the Philippines.

Of these laws, a good portion is generally known by the driving public. There are also less-known provisions that every motorist needs to know.

There are exceptions to the ‘Right-of-Way’ rule (Article III, Section 43)

This particular section states that under certain conditions, the right of way rule can be ignored. For example:

The right-of-way rule can be ignored in the case of Police, Fire Department, and Ambulances when said vehicles are being operated in an official capacity. An official capacity meaning that the signals are blaring and such.

This is also discussed later under Article V, Section 49, and it adds that people driving other vehicles must drive to and parallel to the right-hand edge or curb of the highway, clear of any intersection of highways, and stop there unless otherwise directed, and until the vehicles in question have passed.

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In case of Accidents (Article V, Section 55)

In cases of accidents, the same Code provides for the duty of the driver involved in the accident, his or her duties should they be involved in an accident. It states the following, specifically:

  • He or she must show his driver’s license, give his or her true name and address, and the same details of the owner of the vehicle.

Even in the case of an accident, there are exceptions to the rules. The same provision states that a driver may not leave the scene of the accident without aiding the victim unless owing to the following specific circumstances:

  • If he is in imminent danger of being seriously harmed by any person or persons by reason of the accident. This means that a driver who may be subject to harm from anyone else due to causing, or direct involvement in the accident can flee the scene.
  • If he or she reports the incident to the nearest officer of the law. A driver may leave the scene to report the accident to the nearest police station or MMDA outpost. It may be easier to contact the authorities with the existence of the 117 Emergency Hotline, instead.
  • If he or she has to summon a physician or nurse to aid the victim. As above, one may leave the scene of an accident to summon aid for the victim at the nearest emergency room, or through the emergency hotlines.


These are just a few of the driving laws that people should know. It does pay to learn more about city specific traffic provisions, to know exactly what you can and can’t do on the road. There are ways to reduce your risks on the road, and knowing the laws may help in the event that you figure in an accident.
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