Raising your children without the help of your spouse or a partner is challenging. Probably the most difficult part of single parenting is overcoming the financial challenges and working with budget constraints, especially during this pandemic that triggered job losses and increased prices of commodities.
As such, financial aid from the government and private institutions can help, and having a Solo Parent ID can also come in handy.
With an estimated 14 million Filipino solo parents in the country, and the improved coverage of the Solo Parents’ Welfare Act of 2000 (RA 8972), the benefits of having a Solo Parent ID can ease the struggles of moms or dads who are rearing their children alone.
What is a Solo Parent ID, and what privileges can you get from it? Find out what benefits you and your kids can enjoy with it and how you can apply for it in this article.
Table of Contents
- What is a Solo Parent ID?
- Solo Parent ID Benefits in the Philippines
- 1. Parental Leave
- 2. Flexible Work Schedule
- 3. No Work Discrimination
- 4. Additional Support and Assistance, If Applicable
- 5. Skills Training
- 6. Livelihood Support Service
- 7. Counseling Service
- 8. Parent Effectiveness Services
- 9. Special Projects
- 10. Educational Benefits
- 11. Housing Benefits
- 12. Medical Assistance
- 13. Psychosocial Services
- Who Can Apply for a Solo Parent ID?
- Solo Parent ID Requirements
- How to Get a Solo Parent ID in the Philippines
- How to Renew Solo Parent ID
- Bill Expanding Solo Parent Benefits: Important Things to Know
- Solo Parent ID FAQs
- 1. Is a Solo Parent ID considered a valid ID?
- 2. Are solo parents exempted from tax?
- 3. Are solo parents qualified for maternity leave?
- 4. I’m a stay-at-home mom. Can I still apply for a Solo Parent ID?
- 5. My spouse is working abroad. Can I apply for a Solo Parent ID?
- 6. What government agencies provide assistance for solo parents?
- 7. How long should I wait for my Solo Parent ID?
- 8. Is the Solo Parent ID applicable to non-working parents only?
- 9. Can solo parents automatically get financial assistance from the government for their medical bills?
- 10. Why are employed parents required to submit an ITR upon application for a Solo Parent ID?
- Final Thoughts
What is a Solo Parent ID?
A Solo Parent ID is a government-issued ID for solo or single parents in the Philippines. Solo parents who carry this ID can enjoy certain government discounts and benefits. They’re aimed to provide different kinds of support and to ease financial difficulties faced by a parent who’s working alone for the children. These privileges, along with the Solo Parent ID, are valid for one year. The Solo Parent ID can be renewed every year.
Solo Parent ID Benefits in the Philippines
Not a lot of Filipino solo parents know the benefits one can enjoy from having this type of ID. If you don’t have a Solo Parent ID, make sure to get one to enjoy the following privileges.
1. Parental Leave
Solo parents in the Philippines are entitled to an additional seven days’ leave from work every year. Leaves are non-cumulative, not convertible to cash, and are only provided to solo parents who have been working with their employer for at least one year.
Solo parent employees can avail of the benefit within the current year after getting the Solo Parent ID. In addition, solo parent employees may only use their parental leave under the following circumstances:
- Attend to personal milestones of their children (birthday, graduation, etc.)
- Perform parental obligations such as enrollment and attendance in school programs
- Attend to medical, social, spiritual, and recreational needs of their children
- Other similar circumstances
- SSS and PhilHealth Maternity Benefits Every Parent Needs to Know
- Paternity Benefits in the Philippines: A Father’s Guide to Paternity Leave
Can You Apply for a Parental Leave for All Your Children?
Parental leave is granted to solo parents of children who are below 18 years old, or who are 18 years old and above but can’t support themselves or with a disability.
Do You Need to be a Regular Employee to Qualify for Parental Leave?
No. You can avail of the parental leave benefit immediately after securing your Solo Parent ID if you’ve rendered service to your employer for at least one year, regardless of your employment status.
Can You Use Parental Leave on a Staggered Basis?
Yes. You can use it for seven consecutive days or on separate occasions as long as you have the approval of your human resource department.
When Should You Apply for Parental Leave?
Apply for a parental leave one week before your planned date. Emergencies will be allowed as long as you notify your employer immediately.
2. Flexible Work Schedule
Solo parents may request a flexible work schedule from their employer so they can give more time to their children. This benefit, however, depends on the employer. Your request may likely be approved if your core work hours are not affected.
3. No Work Discrimination
As stated in the Solo Parent Act, “No employer shall discriminate against any solo parent employee with respect to terms and conditions of employment on account of his/her status.”
Solo parents, married or not, shouldn’t be disadvantaged in any situation due to their status. They shouldn’t be deprived of the rights, privileges, and benefits which couples enjoy while rearing their children.
4. Additional Support and Assistance, If Applicable
Solo parents whose income is below the poverty threshold set by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) can avail of educational, housing, and medical assistance from the government.
This solo parent benefit can be requested from the Department of Health (DOH), Commission on Higher Education (CHED), Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), and/or the National Housing Authority (NHA).
5. Skills Training
Solo parents and their children can undergo skills training and take part in various entrepreneurial activities, as well as livelihood, and training and poverty alleviation programs from different government agencies like TESDA, DTI, CHED, DepEd, and the Department of Labor and Employment. This way, parents who aren’t employed may use their skills to earn a living.
6. Livelihood Support Service
Solo parents can undergo free training on basic business management and livelihood skills. In some cases, they may also be eligible for job placement assistance or the provision of business capital.
7. Counseling Service
Solo parents can also avail of counseling services to improve their relationship with their children and other family members and to help resolve any conflicts with them.
8. Parent Effectiveness Services
This program aims to improve parent effectiveness in terms of childhood development, health care, behavior management, and fulfillment of solo parents’ duties to their children.
9. Special Projects
Some of the special projects for solo parents include legal assistance, temporary shelter, crisis management, and spiritual enrichment.
10. Educational Benefits
Solo parents can consult privileges tied with different government educational agencies like the Department of Education (DepEd), Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and TESDA. Upon assessment, solo parents and their children can avail of scholarship programs endorsed by these agencies.
11. Housing Benefits
Solo parents in the Philippines are also entitled to an allocation in government housing projects and will be given easy payment options if they fall below the poverty line, as mandated by the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA).
12. Medical Assistance
Solo parents can enjoy comprehensive health programs developed by the Department of Health (DOH) which will be implemented in medical centers, municipal hospitals, provincial hospitals, and rural health units.
Solo parents and their children can benefit from psychosocial services to help them fulfill their roles and responsibilities to their family and the community they belong. These psychosocial privileges will include opportunities for solo parents to:
- Identify and resolve loneliness, frustrations, grief, and other feelings that may affect their role as parents
- Improve skills, attitude, and understanding of their responsibilities in raising children and managing the home
- Get skills training to help address their financial needs
- Have access to available resources to enjoy other support services
- Organize and mobilize support systems and growth groups within the community to strengthen coping mechanisms
Who Can Apply for a Solo Parent ID?
Any single parent in the Philippines can apply for a Solo Parent ID. Republic Act No. 8972 or the Solo Parents’ Welfare Act of 2000 considers the following individuals as single parents.
1. Women who give birth as a result of rape or other crimes against chastity even without a final conviction of the offender, provided that the mother keeps and raises the child
2. Parents left solo or alone with the responsibility of parenthood due to the following circumstances:
- Death of spouse
- Spouse is detained or is serving sentence for a criminal conviction for at least one year
- Physical and/or mental incapacity of spouse as certified by a public medical practitioner
- Legal separation or de facto separation from spouse for at least one year, as long as they’re entrusted with the custody of the children.
- Declaration of nullity or annulment of marriage as decreed by a court or by a church, as long as they’re entrusted with the custody of the children
3. Unmarried mother/fathers who have preferred to keep and rear their child/children instead of having others care for them or give them up to a welfare institution
4. Any other persons who solely provide parental care and support to a child or children
5. Family members who assume the responsibility of head of family as a result of the abandonment or disappearance of parents or solo parent
Solo Parent ID Requirements
Before applying for a Solo Parent ID, make sure to prepare the following required documents first.
1. Barangay Certificate
Get a barangay certificate to prove that you’ve resided in your barangay for the last six months and to certify your situation as a single parent. Bring a valid government-issued ID to verify your home address and cash for the processing fee.
2. Proof of Financial Status
If you’re an employed solo parent, secure a copy of your Income Tax Return (ITR) through your company’s HR Department or through the BIR. Work-from-home parents, on the other hand, must present a document that will validate their income level to the DSWD.
3. Supporting Documents/Certificates
Prepare documents and certificates that can prove your solo parent status. This can be a spouse’s death certificate, declaration of nullity of marriage, or medical certificates.
4. Birth Certificate/s of Your Child/Children
You may request this online from the PSA. Settle the payment and arrange for it to be delivered to your home.
5. Filled Out Solo Parent ID Application Form
You can get a copy of this form in your city or province’s social welfare and development office. Also prepare 1 2×2 ID photo.
How to Get a Solo Parent ID in the Philippines
Once you have the complete requirements, you can apply for a Solo Parent ID with these simple steps:
- Proceed to the nearest DSWD office in your local government unit or region (you may also inquire there about how to apply for a Solo Parent ID online). Some LGUs have a Solo Parent ID online application facility where you can just upload your requirements and make an appointment online for your assessment. Make sure to check if your LGU has this online service to save you the trip.
- Submit your documents along with the application form. Your application will then be reviewed by the social workers in charge.
- Once your application is approved, you’ll be notified on how to claim your Solo Parent ID or how you can download the digital Solo Parent ID.
How to Renew Solo Parent ID
When your Solo Parent ID expires, you’ll need to renew it the same way you applied for it at your LGU with the duly accomplished application form and supporting documents. Make sure to also bring your expired Solo Parent ID with you for your Solo Parent ID renewal.
Bill Expanding Solo Parent Benefits: Important Things to Know
The government recognizes how the COVID-19 crisis has affected millions of Filipinos, including solo parents. To provide more single parent benefits and privileges, government officials are advocating for the passage and implementation of the Expanded Solo Parents Welfare Act, which aims to provide or mandate enhanced solo parent benefits in the Philippines, some of which include the following:
- 10% discount and VAT exemption on the child’s basic needs, including school supplies and medical and dental services
- Entitlement to at least 7 days of parental leave if they’ve worked with their employer for at least six months
- A monthly subsidy of ₱1,000 per indigent solo parent
- Automatic PhilHealth coverage
- Apprenticeship programs at the Technical Education Skills Development Authority for qualified single parents and their children.
The Expanded Solo Parents Welfare Act also aims to extend the benefits to relatives, nonrelatives, grandparents, and other people who are helping raise children when the parents couldn’t fulfill their parenting roles.
Moreover, companies and government offices would also be required to set up daycare centers to help solo parent employees.
Related article: What to Tell Your Kids About Finances
Solo Parent ID FAQs
1. Is a Solo Parent ID considered a valid ID?
No. The Solo Parent ID is more of a privilege ID and may not be honored as a valid ID when transacting with government and non-government agencies.
2. Are solo parents exempted from tax?
No. Solo parents may not enjoy tax exemption due to their status. But with a valid Solo Parent ID, they can enjoy a 10% discount on basic commodities like milk and medicines.
3. Are solo parents qualified for maternity leave?
Yes. Although there are no specific provisions on maternity leave under the R.A. No. 8972, solo parents who are employed for a year and are eligible for SSS maternity benefit will have an additional 15 days of paid leaves and may opt to extend for another 30 days without pay.
4. I’m a stay-at-home mom. Can I still apply for a Solo Parent ID?
Yes. Stay-at-home moms and dads can apply for a Solo Parent ID and avail of services to improve their skills which they can use to generate income.
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5. My spouse is working abroad. Can I apply for a Solo Parent ID?
No. However, if the spouse working abroad has not supported the family for a long time and has already abandoned the children, the spouse in the Philippines can apply for a solo parent ID. You just need to provide proof that the spouse abroad is no longer fulfilling the obligations as a parent.
6. What government agencies provide assistance for solo parents?
Solo parents can inquire regarding assistance from the following agencies:
- Health Services (DOH)
- Housing (NHA)
- Parental Leave (Employer, DOLE, CSC)
- Educational Services (CHED, TESDA)
7. How long should I wait for my Solo Parent ID?
You can claim your Solo Parent ID 30 days after applying with the DSWD.
8. Is the Solo Parent ID applicable to non-working parents only?
No. The Solo Parent ID can be granted to any parent, employed or unemployed, who is qualified based on the Solo Parents Welfare Act of 2000.
9. Can solo parents automatically get financial assistance from the government for their medical bills?
Solo parents can seek financial assistance for their medical bills through the city or municipal social welfare. However, the reimbursement or discount shall depend on the local government’s policies. Remember that financial aid may differ from one city to another, and reimbursements may take time.
10. Why are employed parents required to submit an ITR upon application for a Solo Parent ID?
The Income Tax Return (ITR) reflects every employee’s income annually. Solo parents whose income falls below the poverty threshold may be entitled to receive a help package from the NEDA.
Being a solo parent is a test of patience, faith, and love. Parenting without a spouse, especially in these difficult times, is a challenge and can be very demanding. But knowing that there’s help somewhere can be a relief.
The Solo Parent ID may not yet offer much, but it can be a very helpful tool for solo parents who need some wiggle room in their monthly budget. It’s also a huge relief when it comes to discovering your potential and maximizing opportunities that will help maintain your physical, emotional, and psychological health,
Apply for a Solo Parent ID and take advantage of the benefits while you can. Getting one is free, and it’s valid for a year.
-  DSWD to hold 1st National Solo Parents’ Summit (Manila Bulletin, July 2018)
-  Hope for solo parents: A new bill that provides more benefits and financial aid (Philstar, 2021)
-  TESDA Chief supports additional benefits for solo parents (TESDA, February 2021)
-  Republic Act 8972: Solo Parents’ Welfare Act of 2000
-  House OKs bill expanding benefits for solo parents (Rappler, January 2021)
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